In a healthy gut, nutrients are absorbed by small structures called villi which line the intestines. in celiac disease gluten which is a protein present in wheat triggers an immune response causing inflammation and damage to the villi.
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Celiac Disease - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
This means that the villi can no longer absorb nutrients properly which can result in bloating, weight loss, and diarrhea about one percent of the population are affected by celiac disease.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune inflammatory condition of the small intestine. It's caused by a reaction to gliadin now gliadin is up as a polypeptide component of wheat, rye barley and also oat flour.
When you ingest it sort of triggers this immune response. The immune cells and the whole inflammatory response is going on actually damages the cells that line the intestinal tract because those cells actually make many of the digestive enzymes that you need.
You can't make those enzymes because the cells are destroyed you can't absorb properly carbohydrates proteins and fat. The result is the person starts losing weight and they have intestinal symptoms of diarrhea and other complaints. They also get a range of other symptoms from that are mild to severe.
The most common symptoms that a person has areas abdominal cramping and diarrhea. In a child you see growth failure they do this frit.
They fail to thrive in an adult they'll start losing weight and then because of iron deficiency and protein deficiency they end up with anaemia and other signs of nutrient deficiencies can occur in other symptoms as well.
If you have celiac disease right now there's a very simple blood test that you can undergo so there's no excuse now for not being tested if you think you have some symptoms.
People who come from families where one family member has celiac disease should be tested because celiac disease can be asymptomatic and a lot of people. You should really go and be tested and certain culture is actually for genetic reasons are just more susceptible to the development of celiac disease.
The treatment is not to ingest gluten in the first place. A gluten-free diet is really how you manage it so you need to know what foods contain gluten, and also what foods don't have gluten. You know where the window is wide open for you to have a large variety of foods that are gluten-free.
Symptoms of celiac disease vary among sufferers and include. digestive problems abdominal bloating pain, gas, diarrhea, pale stools, and weight loss a severe skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis, anaemia, low blood count, musculoskeletal problems, muscle cramps joint and bone pain, growth problems and failure to thrive, and children seizures tingling sensation in the legs caused by nerve damage and low calcium viii boosts ulcers sores in the mouth, missed menstrual periods, there is no cure for celiac disease.
The only Treatment is a Gluten-Free Diet.
It's becoming more and more common to see things like gluten-free pizza or gluten-free buns at restaurants grocery stores and other food-based businesses. Gluten is found in all sorts of wheat and grains including rye and barley.
Bread cereals, pasta, crackers, cakes, pies, cookie and gravies, avoid oats some patients with celiac disease can tolerate oats in the diet.
Long-term safety of oats in celiac disease patients is unknown and some oat. Preparations can be contaminated with wheat thus it is probably best to avoid oats at least during the initial treatment with a gluten-free diet.
Once the disease is in remission with a strict gluten-free diet it may be possible to reintroduce small quantities of oats into the diet under medical supervision.
Pay attention to processed foods that may contain gluten. Wheat flour is a common ingredient in many processed foods. Foods that may contain gluten include, can soups, salad dressings, ice cream candy bars, instant coffee, luncheon meats, and processed or canned meats ketchup and mustard yoghurt, pasta, beware of tablets, capsules and vitamin preparations that contain gluten wheat starch is commonly employed as a binding agent in tablets and capsules.
Gluten also can be found in many vitamin products and cosmetic products such as lipstick, avoid beer, but wine, brandy, whiskey and other alcohols without barley are fine in moderation.
Avoid milk and other dairy products that contain lactose untreated patients with celiac disease often are lactose intolerant, with successful treatment dairy products can often be reintroduced slowly into the diet later consult dietitians and national celiac disease societies for lists of gluten-free foods. Read the food and product labels before buying or consuming any product. This is necessary because a manufacturer may change a product's ingredients at any time.
A product that was gluten-free in the past may now contain gluten even branded products may be gluten-free in one country but contain gluten in another country.
One is not certain after reading the labels, call the manufacturer because people with celiac disease who have severe malabsorption can develop vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
Vitamin and Mineral Supplements are Important.
Currently, the only treatment for celiac disease is a strict lifelong gluten-free diet. Eating gluten no matter how small the amount can damage the intestine. A gluten-free diet means avoiding all foods that contain wheat, rye, and barley in all forms. It is important to read all labels carefully for these ingredients. As sometimes they are listed under less common names.
Despite these restrictions, people with celiac disease can eat a well-balanced diet with a variety of foods, including bread, and pasta. Many gluten-free alternatives are now made with potato, rice, soy, Orban flour.
In addition plain meat, fish, fruits, and vegetables are naturally gluten-free so people with celiac disease can continue to eat these foods after diagnosis. For a quick overview of the gluten-free diet and a list of some great alternatives.
You can make delicious gluten-free meals. Visit the gluten-free recipes. Section for delicious meal ideas. Following a gluten-free diet should result in improvements in symptoms within weeks. Intestinal villi in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis the skin lesions also will gradually improve with a gluten-free diet.
Often a medication called dapsone may be used for a Short time to speed up healing. Many people with celiac disease may not understand the importance of lifelong adherence to a gluten-free diet.
Closely people who are poor and undereducated are most likely to have trouble following the diet. as are people who were diagnosed when they were children. The person fails to respond to a gluten-free diet.
Failure to respond to a gluten-free diet can be due to several reasons. A person doesn't have celiac disease but a condition that mimics it.
A person is unknowingly ingesting unsuspected sources of gluten such as starch, binders and fillers in medications or vitamins. A person may have another coexisting condition such as irritable bowel syndrome, bacterial overgrowth of the small bowel microscopic colitis or pancreatic, an insufficiency that are causing the symptoms. A person may have refractory disease or complications of celiac disease. Refractory celiac disease is a rare condition in which the symptoms of celiac disease.
The loss of intestinal villi do not improve despite many months of a strict. Gluten-free diet before making a diagnosis of refractory celiac disease. It is important to exclude complications of celiac disease and other coexisting conditions that can produce.
Similar symptoms it is believed by experts that sometimes refractory celiac disease can be a premalignant or precancerous condition. The treatment for refractory celiac disease is first to make sure that all gluten is eliminated from the diet.
If there still is no improvement, medications are used corticosteroids such as prednisone have been used successfully in treating some patients with refractory. Celiac disease immunosuppressive drugs, medications that suppress a person's immune system.
Such as azathioprine and cyclosporine also have been used. Corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs are potent medications with potentially serious side effects.
Many patients with refractory celiac disease are malnourished and have weakened immune systems and corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents can further increase. Their risk of serious infections. Other new treatments include biologics and stem cell transplants but these may also have very serious side effects.