Allergic Eczema Causes Symptoms & Treatment

Allergic Eczema Causes Symptoms & Treatment

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Eczema is an allergy that involves the skin, it's related immunologically to the allergy you might have in your nose or in your eyes or even to asthma that you might experience in your lungs.

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Eczema & Allergies - Causes of Eczema

Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema is a skin rash that's particularly common among young children but can  last into adulthood.

Allergic Eczema Causes Symptoms & Treatment

Atopic dermatitis describes skin inflammation that results from an allergy, more specifically it happens when the immune system attacks the skin causing a dry itchy rash on flexor surfaces of the body.

Areas like the creases of the wrist the insides of the elbows and the backs of the knees as well as exposed skin surfaces like on the face the hands in the feet.

However it causes a rash and dryness on the skin, one of the things that makes eczema worse is actually losing the oil from the skin as the skin becomes drier and cracked it becomes more susceptible to allergens getting in.

The attack tends to get worse and worse because you scratch it gets drier more allergen gets in  so you want to break that cycle by retaining oils in the skin.

What to do if you have eczema (atopic dermatitis)

The first way to keep oils in the skin is to bathe or wash your hands a little bit less now obviously there are sometimes you really need to bathe and really need to wash your hands.

At those times when you're just doing it because you do it think again about whether you really need to use cooler water as opposed to hotter water and try to minimize the amount of soap you use.

As soon as you get done with the bath use some sort of moisturizer the thickest ones are the most effective and the most effective of all is petrolatum jelly like Vaseline.

One step down from there are creams such as Eucerin Aquaphor Cetaphil that you get in a pot beyond that there are things that you can squirt out of a pump but the thinner it gets the less protective it's going to be.

There are also systemic medications that can help with treating eczemas such as antihistamines like Benadryl, Claritin, Allegra or Zyrtec and the generic equivalents of those medications.

In infants, the rash is most often on the face in the scalp and in children the rash is usually on the flexor surfaces of the extremities.

Allergic Eczema Causes Symptoms & Treatment

Atopic dermatitis can worsen in the presence of allergens like cigarette smoke, mould and dust mites as well as changes in the weather and even emotional stress.

Although it usually causes patches of red itchy skin that come and go the skin can occasionally even blister and peel.

Over time the skin can become like a henna field which literally means turn to leather.

Itchiness is often worst at night probably because there are no distractions. this is often when young children are most likely to scratch their eczema lesions.

Because eczema an autoimmune-mediated process it can't be spread to other people, but since it affects the skin and therefore the way a person looks there's still a lot of social stigmas associated with it.

Unfortunately many individuals especially teenagers and young adults with atopic dermatitis suffer from depression and social anxiety as a result.

Genetics plays an important role in atopic dermatitis and these individuals often also have asthma as well as allergic rhinitis making up what's called the atopic triad,

These illnesses also often run in families occasionally atopic dermatitis can be part of a syndrome like hyper IgE syndrome which has an autosomal dominant form called Jobe syndrome.

Phenylketonuria which is a metabolic disorder that results from the build-up of the amino acid phenylalanine and Wiskott Aldrich syndrome which is an x-linked recessive disease characterized by a clinical triad of eczema thrombocytopenia and immunodeficiency.

Dry Skin and Eczema Treatment

Atopic dermatitis is generally a clinical diagnosis and there are ways to help break the cycle of Allergy mediated inflammation, dry skin and itching with regard to allergy mediated inflammation 

It's important to identify and avoid any triggers as well as avoiding overheating dressing in soft fabrics and managing stress well which is, of course, a good life habit anyways.

Dry skin can be managed with frequent moisturization which is usually best to apply after a lukewarm bath.

Itching can sometimes you managed with simple measures like keeping the fingernails short and trying to keep children from scratching.

Allergic Eczema Causes Symptoms & Treatment

In more extreme cases there are also steroids and calcineurin inhibitors, both of which aim to dampen the immune reaction as well as antihistamines that can help with itching and antibiotics to help treat infections if they're needed.

Atopic dermatitis also known as atopic eczema is a type 1 hypersensitivity reaction in the skin, and is characterized by a cycle of allergy mediated inflammation dry skin and itching that most commonly affects infants and young children.

Atopic dermatitis can be managed by minimizing exposure to allergens keeping the skin hydrated and minimizing itching.

It can be treated in a variety of ways but the way to start is to keep oil in the skin and add oil to the skin if it's been washed away.

Also Read: 12 Foods For Great Skin-Skincare on Top of Your Skin
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