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Psychosis - Symptoms, Causes and Intervention

Psychosis is a break from reality it involves delusions, perceptual disturbances and also disorganized thinking.

Read: Mental Illness Signs Symptoms and Treatment

Symptoms of Psychosis

Psychosis means losing contact with reality, people with the psychosis experience unreal things and believe them to be real.
Psychosis - Symptoms, Causes and Intervention
Psychosis is simply a state where you're unable to tell what's real and what's not real. These experiences can be frightening and may cause people with the psychosis to hurt themselves or to hurt others.

Psychosis causes excess morbidity and mortality as well as extensive negative personal, social and educational consequences. Psychosis is a sign of a mental disorder but it's not itself a psychiatric diagnosis, it is classically associated with schizophrenic disorders. but other disorders also have psychotic symptoms for example bipolar disorder.

Psychotic experiences can happen to anyone, it is most likely to be diagnosed in young adults. Someone lose contact with reality generally this can happen in two broad forms which can severely disrupt this perception thinking emotion and behaviour.

Hallucinations Can Occur.

This is when a person hears, sees fields, smells or tastes things that aren't there. for example, hearing voices or seeing someone take the shape of something is not such as a demon.

Hallucinations can involve any of your five senses there are auditory hallucinations where you can hear things that aren't there. For example, a person can hear their name called now don't get too alarmed if this has happened to you if it's only happened once it could easily just be a misperception of real noise.


Delusions are fixed false beliefs and that's the textbook definition.

Another way of saying it is believing something false despite facts that say that it's not true or it being extremely unlikely to be true. For example, thinking your special powers or thinking that you are being followed. these delusions are firmly held even if they are contradicted by reality.

Also Read: Neurosis and Psychosis Difference

Psychosis - Symptoms, Causes and Intervention

There are common themes or types of delusions there are persecutory delusions, these are when you believe that some entity is against you in some way, for example, you believe you're being followed or someone is watching your home.

There are grandiose delusions an example of this is feeling that you're famous and people just don't realize it then there are religious delusions in an example of this is believing that you are a deity or a famous prophet and someone's religion.

The people in that religion will believe that the deity isn't in physical existence at the moment but you believe you're the existence. With somatic delusions, you're fixated that something is wrong with your body. In examples that this would be that someone has planted a chip in your head without you knowing about it.

Lastly, there are delusions of control an example of this would be believing that someone is controlling your mind or that others can control your mind. Who gets psychotic of course we see this in psychiatric illnesses like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and even depression but you don't have to have a psychiatric disorder to become psychotic.

You can become psychotic from medication effects such as steroids ever hear the term steroid psychosis. Other common culprits are illicit substances such as marijuana or hallucinogens like LSD. Psychosis can also result from medical problems like seizures, thyroid disease or even after a woman has a baby.

What underlying causes can be responsible for such strange delusions?

Many studies have been conducted to discover the cause of psychosis, however, there is currently no theory that integrates all of our knowledge about psychosis. A theory that is widely accepted to explain psychosis is a stressful inner ability model.

According to this model, some people are more vulnerable than others to the impact of stressors. people that experience psychosis overreacts on daily life stressors mainly due to a genetic predisposition which is already present in childhood. Some people with the same genetic risk never experience the psychosis whereas others do.

Early intervention is of great importance to reduce disability and to improve long-term outcomes.

1. Fantasy life belongs to the children's normal development.

Many children have imaginary friends or believe there was a monster behind their bed. signs that may indicate the development of psychosis are if a child shows the preference for solitary play has problems with speech and education or as difficulties in mentalizing.

2. People that experience psychosis are often stigmatized which prevents them or their parents from seeking treatment.to reduce stigma it is important to educate the general public about psychosis and restraining someone's conviction to cope with the psychotic experiences.

3. Since young patients are sensitive to medication is difficult to administer the right dose of medication.it is important to monitor medication use because wrong use of medication can impede medication use later on.
Psychosis - Symptoms, Causes and Intervention

psychosis could be seen as an adaptation to an extreme situation in which a central problem is not the existence of hallucinations but their persistence after the extreme situation has ended.

Also Read: What is BPD - 8 Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder
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