There are several issues that can influence this phenomenon and make your blood pressure reach potentially dangerous levels. High blood pressure does not cause problems over a day or weeks or months high blood pressure causes problems over many years and it can affect your entire body.
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High blood pressure - What is it?
High blood pressure or hypertension is a common condition in which the force of blood on the walls of your arteries is often too high.
As blood flows through them three main factors affect the pressure on your artery walls the first is cardiac output or the amount of blood your ventricles push out of your heart each minute your blood pressure goes up as cardiac output increases.
The second factor affecting your blood pressure is blood volume or the total amount of blood in your body blood pressure also goes up as blood volume increases. That affects your blood pressure is resistance which is anything working against the blood flow through your arteries.
Several factors contribute to resistance one resistance factor is the flexibility of your artery wall healthy arteries expand with each heartbeat to help reduce blood pressure on the wall.
Another resistance factor is the diameter of your arteries, your body is able to increase the diameter of your arteries to lower your blood pressure or reduce the diameter to raise your blood pressure. A third resistance factor is blood viscosity or thickness, in your blood more particles such as proteins and fat increase viscosity.
If your blood is thicker your blood pressure goes up as your heart works harder to push it through your arteries. Your blood pressure can be measured with a device called a sphygmomanometer or blood pressure cuff. When your heart beats the pressure of blood on the walls of your arteries is called systolic pressure, when your heart relaxes between beats pressure on the artery wall is called diastolic pressure
While your blood pressure may change throughout the day it should normally be less than 120 millimetres of mercury for systolic pressure and less than 80 millimetres of mercury for diastolic pressure. If your systolic pressure frequently stays above 140 or your diastolic pressure frequently stays above 90 you have high blood pressure.
Over time high blood pressure will damage the walls of your arteries, your artery wall may become weak and form an enlargement called an aneurysm or the wall may burst and bleed into the surrounding tissue.
Small tears in your artery wall may attract certain substances in your blood such as cholesterol, fat and calcium to form a buildup called a plaque. Blood flow through your artery decreases as the plaque enlarges, blood cells can stick to the plaque and form solid clumps called clots further reducing or completely blocking your blood flow
Damage to your arteries raises your blood pressure even more by making your heart beat more forcefully, artery damage and reduced blood flow lead to conditions such as a stroke, heart attack, or kidney disease.
High Blood Pressure Effects
The small blood vessels in the vital organs are most affected over time, these vessels become scarred hardened and less elastic which means that they are more likely to get blocked or rupture. This may happen as you get older whether or not your blood pressure is too high but high blood pressure can speed up this process.
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Another way that high blood pressure affects your blood vessels is that it may play a role in the development of atherosclerosis.
A person has atherosclerosis if their arteries thicken because of fat and cholesterol buildup on the artery walls high blood pressure adds strain to the blood vessel walls which puts them in more danger of getting atherosclerosis than they would otherwise be.
If the inside of your blood vessels gets smaller and harder and the pressure inside them goes up then your heart has to pump harder to get blood through them. Your heart is a muscle and just like other muscles working this hard makes your heart get bigger., this is not a good thing for your heart it can get stretched out and some of the blood that is supposed to pump through your body stays back in the heart
Eventually, your heart begins to weaken because it simply cannot continue to pump so hard against the pressure in your vessels. When the heart can no longer pump out all of the blood that enters its chambers this is a serious condition called congestive heart failure
A symptom of this condition can be fluid that backs up into the lungs and chest cavity, high blood pressure can also damage the brain blood vessels in the brain can get blocked or rupture just like blood vessels anywhere else in the body
The difference is that if it happens in the brain there may be bleeding there or the brain tissues won't get nutrients and oxygen from the blood. High blood pressure is a major cause of strokes and bleeding in the brain it can also affect normal brain function as a person ages.
The kidneys are also important organs that can be damaged by high blood pressure, if the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys are damaged then the kidneys tissues will not get the blood they need and the kidneys themselves can gradually lose their ability to function.
High blood pressure can cause changes in the retinas of your eyes the retina is where the eye receives visual images. The blood vessels in the eyes are also at risk of getting more narrow, rupturing and bleeding these changes can cause impaired vision and over time may lead to blindness.
As you can see blood vessels the heart, brain kidneys and eyes are the structures in your body most affected by high blood pressure. That's why a person that has had high blood pressure for many years is at serious risk of heart attack, stroke and kidney failure.
If you have high blood pressure and it is left untreated you are three times more likely to have heart disease 6 times more likely to develop congestive heart failure and 7 times more likely to have a stroke.
High Blood Pressure Treatment
In most cases the cause of high blood pressure or hypertension is unknown, this type of high blood pressure is called primary or essential hypertension. Fortunately, a person can make lifestyle changes that will help lessen the strain on their hearts and blood vessels, this helps to control the bad effects high blood pressure can have on the organs.
Sodium may cause your body to retain water, which increases both your blood volume and blood pressure.
The factors that affect your blood pressure the most are constantly being stressed, regularly consuming red meat and high cholesterol foods, smoking, alcohol having, a sedentary lifestyle because this condition doesn't have obvious symptoms it's hard to catch before it's too late.
Your doctor may also recommend medications that act on your kidneys, blood vessels, or heart to help reduce your blood pressure. Diuretics commonly called water pills cause your kidneys to move more salt and water from your blood into your urine which reduces your blood volume and pressure.
Beta-blockers reduce the workload on your heart in two ways they slow your heartbeat and lower the force of each beat. Several types of drugs lower your blood pressure by relaxing your blood vessels, this makes them open up wider.
These drugs include ACE inhibitors, angiotensin 2 receptor blockers, calcium-channel blockers and direct-acting vasodilators. It is important to stay on your medications as directed even if you are feeling better do not go off your medication unless your doctor tells you to.
If you have any questions about any medications you have been prescribed to speak with your doctor.
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7 Foods That Are Good for High Blood Pressure
To prevent serious problems start by adding this proof to your diet
Along with watching your salt consumption, you must pay serious attention to your potassium levels a potassium deficiency can cause sodium imbalances and compromise many bodily functions.
2. Pumpkin Seeds.
When your body doesn't get enough zinc your arteries will end up losing elasticity which will result in inflammation. Pumpkin seeds also taste great and are an excellent source of protein, fatty acids, minerals, amino acids all of these also act as a good anti-inflammatory emollient and empty parasite remedy.
This is due to the great amounts of vitamin C vitamin b6 and manganese and garlic.
Yoghurt provides your body with a wide variety of nutrients including calcium, protein, potassium and magnesium. Calcium, in particular, will help you manage your blood pressure because it keeps your blood pH under control. It keeps your body in an alkaline state that prevents your blood pressure from rising.
6. Watermelon Seeds
Put some slightly crushed watermelon seeds in a container with boiling water let sit for at least an hour and a half and eat small amounts over the course of the day.
Keep in mind that you shouldn't forget about the advice of health professionals so always add these foods regularly into your diet under the supervision of your doctor.
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